Hyundai is not saying goodbye to hydrogen fuel cells or ICEs

Cate Lawrence
4 min readJan 4, 2022


It’s been a busy week for Hyundai, who had to refute claims it was breaking up with hydrogen. This week, we saw yet another claim by an “industry insider” that Hyundai had suspended their R&D in 3rd generation hydrogen fuelcells.

An article by Korean news outlet Chosun Biz claimed that Hyundai had suspended R&D in 3rd generation hydrogen fuel cells due to technical problems and a lack of marketability.

That’s apparently not true; an unnamed Hyundai Motor official issued a statement today to the Korea Times refuting the claim:

The hydrogen FCEV project has not been halted but rather delayed, as it encountered some difficulties during research, but Hyundai has been and will continue to develop hydrogen FCEVs.

No, Hyundai is not closing down its ICE development either

The hydrogen news was hot on the heels of the claim that Hyundai was closing down its Internal Combustion Engine R&D and moving the 12,000-odd staff to electric vehicle departments.

Just a few hours ago, an e-mail sent to from Senior Group Manager at Hyundai Motor America, Michael Stewart, said:

Hyundai Motor Group can confirm that it is not halting the development of its engines following recent media speculation. The Group is dedicated to providing a strong portfolio of powertrains to global customers, including a combination of highly efficient engines and zero-emissions electric motors.

Inaccurate media stories have consequences

Honestly, I’m starting to wonder if these industry insiders are paying fans of rival companies looking to cause affray.

In the case of the hydrogen claim, investors reacted adversely to the news. According to The Korea Times, companies affiliated with Hyundai and/or working on fuel cell tech saw share prices drop by 4%-10% following the report.

It looks like investors are taking their cues from the media, and I’m not sure that’s a good thing. Shouldn’t they be paying analysts for a more long-term vision?

Hyundai’s hydrogen fuel cell dream is evolving — albeit slowly

In 2018, the South Korean government and Hyundai set an annual production goal of 130,000 hydrogen cars by 2025′ and ‘80,000 hydrogen cars sold by 2022. So far, retail sales are not even close anywhere in the world.

Hyundai’s hydrogen fuel cell trailer drone has multiple configurations and use cases.

In 2021, sales of HFC vehicles almost doubled compared to the previous year. 16,300 vehicles were registered from January to December 20201. 8900 of these were Hyundai Motor’s sole fuel cell EV Nexo, which increased its sales by 46% compared to the previous year.

Hyundai’s NEXO fuel cell vehicle

In September last year, Hyundai announced its Hydrogen Vision 2040 at an online event called Hydrogen Wave. It doubled down on its aim to become the first automaker to apply fuel cell systems to all commercial vehicle models by 2028.

This is part of a bigger mission introducing hydrogen fuel cells into high-performance vehicles. These include urban air mobility, robots, aircraft, and large ships.

Hyundai Engineering Co., a construction unit of Hyundai Motor Group, is spending $336 million to build a plant to produce hydrogen from plastic waste. The company expects to raise up to $1.2 billion in a planned initial public offering (IPO) early this year.

The pain point is hydrogen refueling stations

The growth of hydrogen refueling globally — by LBST.

Hydrogen fuel cell-powered vehicles share the woes that plagues EV users — both lack easy access to charging or power. At the end of 2020, 553 hydrogen refueling stations were in operation worldwide.

In 2018, a collective of industry leaders and the government pledged to have 310 hydrogen refueling stations in South Korea by 2022.

At the end of 2020, there were a mere 60. That’s a pretty dire shortfall. There are just under 400 EV charging stations in South Korea by comparison.

Most applications for hydrogen are industries — ships, trains, buses, VTOLs, and trucks. These typically have access to on-site refueling at truck parking bays, shipyards, bus, and train depots.

The prototype of Hyundai Vision FK, a high-powered sports car that runs on hydrogen, a plug-in system and rear-while drive.

But for hydrogen fuel cell cars to succeed, the infrastructure needs to catch up, leaving a chicken and egg problem where companies are trying to balance the long-term snail pace of commercial hydrogen fuel cell evolution with the rapid acceleration of electric vehicles.

Originally published at on January 4, 2022.



Cate Lawrence

Tech journo and writer, based in Berlin, Germany. I don't really write on medium much but you can find me on LinkedIn and Twitter